Candidiasis, or thrush - disease, caused by a fungus of the genus Candida. Candidiasis in men is much rarer, than women, This is due to the body and the structure of the genital organs.
Fungi of the genus Candida - permanent inhabitants of the human body, regardless of gender. They belong to the pathogenic microflora and strong immunity does not manifest itself. And at lowering immunity and provoking factors Candida begins to proliferate and actively acquires pathogenic properties. Candida fungi live on the mucous membranes of the mouth, genitourinary system, in the gut.
Thrush in the mouth of men manifested caseous white coating on the mucous membrane. Candidiasis in the mouth usually appear in infants and the elderly, but at the risk include smoking men. intestinal candidiasis recognize a bit more complicated, The main symptoms are bloating, curdled inclusions in the stool, a feeling of incomplete evacuation. A candidiasis, or thrush, genitals in men manifests itself in the white plaque and cheesy discharge on the glans penis and foreskin.
In some cases, thrush is asymptomatic, but mostly signs of candidiasis in men are detected soon after the onset of illness. Depending on the location, There are several forms of the disease: balanitis, balanoposthitis, urethritis, pielotsistit. But there are common symptoms:
- itching and burning - periodic or permanent, worse when urinating;
- swelling and reddening of the head, the appearance of small pimples on it;
- odor, like the smell of sour milk;
- pain during intercourse;
- the appearance of white coating on the genitals.
Important! Similar symptoms can be observed and sexually transmitted diseases, so self-dangerous. You need to consult your doctor for the correct diagnosis and treatment.
Balanitis - superficial form of thrush, which affects the glans penis. On the head are formed plenochki, erosion, bright red spots and rashes ekzemopodobnye. In the photo you can see a white-gray powder and redness. With the progression of the disease lesions extend to groin and the skin of the scrotum.
This form of candidiasis distinguish the appearance of cracks on the prepuce, further tissue scarring and narrowing of the foreskin. On the glans penis appears blue-white film, while removing its place is formed erosion.
Against the background of constant exposure to the nerve endings, increased libido, but the sexual act brings pain and discomfort.
When Candida urethritis affected mucosa of the urethra. For other features added to the pain and discomfort during urination, and its frequency increases. A urine itself may be isolated from the mucus or blood impurities.
Pielotsistit arises from the promotion of mushrooms on the urinary tract, and lesions of the bladder and kidneys. Rarely cause pyelocystitis are only candida, more often it is a mixed infection. Against the background of candidiasis pyelocystitis there is pain in the bladder, feeling of weight, frequent and painful urination.
Causes of thrush
Fungi Candida transmitted sexually, but most of candidiasis in men have a reason, not associated with sexual intercourse. rather, the major reasons of the disease include factors, lowers immunity.
- endocrine disorders, including the important role played by diabetes.
- Strong or prolonged stress, prolonged hypothermia, overwork.
- Antibiotics or corticosteroids.
- Oncological diseases.
- Metabolic disorders and overweight.
- Lack of vitamins and minerals.
- Recent sexually transmitted diseases, serious infectious disease.
- injuries (even small) mucous genitals.
All these factors can provide an impetus to the development of candidiasis in men, if these micro-organisms already present in the body. And during sexual intercourse with a woman, sick thrush, chance of developing the disease increases significantly.
note! The incubation period ranges from four days to a few months, often the first symptoms are detected two weeks after infection. A can occur very quickly, within a few hours.
The first thing to remember, that diagnose disease doctor can only. Often enough visual examination and the patient's complaints, to diagnose "thrush". In some cases, you will need to hand over a smear from the head of the penis. Thrush in men has similar symptoms of sexually transmitted diseases, why should a specialist to confirm the diagnosis. Especially thrush, although considered harmless disease, treatable, at wrong to hold it is fraught with serious consequences. Among them orchitis (orchitis), prostatitis, narrowing of the foreskin (fimoz), seldom, but probably is a serious complication, how gangrenizatsiya penis. In the absence of adequate treatment for candidiasis flows chronic.
Ointments and creams
When deciding, than to treat candidiasis in men, it is worth considering the degree of damage. In mild enough use of local resources, while a more severe form would require the appointment of antifungal drugs.
For topical application, such prescribed ointments and creams from candidiasis in men:
- clotrimazole. This tool is applied 2 times a day on glans and foreskin. The course of treatment is seven days.
- natamycin. deal 2-3 times a day.
- Pimafucin. Apply 3-4 times a day. After the disappearance of symptoms - for two more days.
- Nystatin. antifungal antibiotic, applied once or several times a day for a week.
- ointments, whose main active ingredient - ketoconazole. trade names: Mikozoral, Mikoket, Sebozol, Dermazol.
Before applying the ointment or cream is necessary to hold the toilet genitals, and gently remove plaque and release. It is recommended to do the bath with potassium permanganate or for furatsilina 20 minutes, after which the applied ointment.
In severe cases of candidiasis in men, treatment is carried out using tablets, having antifungal properties. The most efficient and effective drug Fluconazole is considered. Often enough to take 150 mg of drug once. Its action is based on the destruction of enzymes, which are necessary for the reproduction of fungi. In conjunction with the preparations for topical use Fluconazole helps to quickly get rid of the signs and symptoms of candidiasis in men. Analogs of these tablets: Mikosist, Diflyukan, Flyukostat.
Performed well Nystatin tablets - antibiotic, intended for combating fungi. His doctor prescribes the dose individually. Usual dosage regimen -3 times a day 1-2 pills. thrush treatment will require two weeks. But we can not prescribe yourself - properly selected pills and dosage can lead to a chronic form of the disease.
The chronic form
Chronic candidiasis in men occurs, if the treatment has been selected correctly or completely absent, It was not conducted before the end of. There is reason to significantly increase the risk of yeast infections in men transition into the chronic stage, even with adequate treatment. These reasons include:
- lack of personal hygiene;
- unprotected sex with a woman, infected milkmaid;
- alcohol abuse, smoking;
- poor nutrition, an overabundance of carbohydrates.
Subsequently thrush, passed in the chronic form, difficult to treat. She goes into a stage of "calm", When the going gets visible improvements. But certain factors may contribute to an aggravation of kadidoza:
- infections of the genitourinary system;
- long-term treatment with antibacterial drugs;
- hormonal disruptions;
- elevated blood sugar.
The chronic form kanidoza, or thrush, men, It requires long and systematic treatment.
Nutrition with candidiasis
solving, how to treat male candida, you need to take into account not only medicines, but also food. Should be excluded from the diet of sweets, including bakery products, fast food, alcoholic beverages, spicy and smoked. All these products contribute to the growth and reproduction of fungi. But vegetables and dairy products must be present in the diet on a daily basis.
In cases of recurrent candidiasis, the physician will determine the, if he called intestinal dysbiosis. In this case, a specialist will appoint a course of probiotics, contribute to the restoration of intestinal microflora.
Candidiasis - disease, that with timely treatment to the doctor and the right treatment is fast enough. Further, to avoid recurrence of the disease, you need to follow the diet, support the immune system, monitor the hygiene of the genital organs, Avoid casual sex. And when the first symptoms to see a doctor, because untreated thrush faces extremely unpleasant consequences.