How to recognize salmonellosis in adults, and what to do when the first symptoms?

How to recognize salmonellosis in adults, and what to do when the first symptoms?

At the moment, there are many diseases, affecting the organs of the gastrointestinal tract, but among them there are those, which should be treated with extreme caution. Salmonellosis in adults - an acute infectious and dangerous to the health condition, which is difficult to recognize at once. To protect yourself and your loved ones, you need to know about the symptoms and consequences of salmonellosis, how to properly and effectively cure it. In this article, the reader will find the most important information on this subject.

The causative agent of salmonellosis and ways of infection

The source of infection is salmonella - the bacteria in the form of sticks, opened at the turn of the XX century American scientist.

Appearance of the microorganism can be seen in the photo:

Источником инфекции сальмонеллез является сальмонелла – бактерия в форме палочки, открытая на рубеже XX века американским ученым
The source of the salmonella infection is salmonella - the bacteria in the form of sticks, opened at the turn of the XX century American scientist

The ideal temperature for the multiplication of bacteria 37 degrees Celsius, slightly higher than the norm of the human body. Coli resistant to high temperature, killed by boiling water. During freeze it "sleeps" and re-awakens in the event of favorable conditions for activity and reproduction. Also deadly ultraviolet radiation is for her. The bacteria live in the stomach, exerting a destructive effect on the body from there.

Attention! species of Enterobacteriaceae, which may be the cause of salmonellosis, There are more than two thousand.

Mostly they live in:

  • raw water;
  • animal meat and sausage products;
  • dairy products;
  • beer;
  • house dust.

Most often, the person gets an infection while visiting catering establishments, employees who may be carriers of pathogenic coli. Including why the state set clear sanitary and epidemiological requirements and the need for regular visits to the doctor for medical check-ups.

To infect a person needs to make contact with the bacterium. This occurs in the following ways:

  1. When the eggs used (except quail), dairy products, poorly roasted meat.
  2. By drinking water, not thermally treated. This includes swimming in open water: infection in the body can easily fall.
  3. In a simple household contact with the carrier Salmonella. The wand is passed by simple contact, handshake. There is a high risk of being infected during cooking together with a carrier of the disease.
  4. Upon contact with diseased animals: cattle, bird, pets, etc..

Also important personal hygiene. Very often people are infected, if a:

  • consume enough power washed products;
  • before eating did not wash their hands thoroughly.

Forms and symptoms of the disease

Чаще всего человек получает инфекцию сальмонеллез при посещении заведений общественного питания
Most often, the person gets an infection salmonellosis when visiting catering establishments

After settling in the body of the bacterium evolves and begins to produce toxins. The incubation period may be different: if the body has got a lot of infections, the first signs are already manifest through 4 o'clock, if a little - can pass 5 days before the beginning of the active phase of the disease. Also it depends on, where localized coli: in the gut it develops faster, than in the stomach.

Hitting the stomach and intestines, salmonellosis in adults divided into 3 shape:

  • gastrointestinal;
  • tifopodobnaya;
  • septicheskiy.

Tifopodobnaya variant is characterized by the similarity of the clinical picture of typhoid fever: heat, pressure decrease, insomnia and weakness. Disrupting the digestive tract, Wand is easy dysbiosis, which is treated after elimination of salmonellosis.

The most dangerous form of the disease septic, when it infected not only the gastrointestinal tract, but other organs of the body. In this case, the inflammation can be transmitted to the heart, liver, kidneys or adrenal glands. Pneumonia occurs in some cases of lung (characteristic manifested by pain in the chest).

This is because, salmonella mutates and mutates during infection of an adult. It can easily go to another form, infect another human body - the possibility of this depends on the strength of the human immune system and the degree of infection.

The typical clinical picture of the patient with salmonellosis:

  1. The temperature rises sharply, there is pain in the abdomen.
  2. The person experiences frequent urge to vomit.
  3. The body loses fluid actively, weakness in the body occurs.
  4. broken chair, there is diarrhea.
  5. Manifest the effects of the work of toxins (intoxication):
  • the skin becomes unhealthy pale tint;
  • headache (amplified with time, familiar tools help weak);
  • mouth dryness;
  • coating of white on the tongue.

Stools are watery, It resembles gruel, It contains traces of blood or mucous Fat. The day may be not less than 5 strong urge to the bathroom.

Salmonellosis in pregnancy

Развитие сальмонеллеза у беременных женщин может отрицательно повлиять на развитие плода
Development of salmonellosis in pregnant women can affect fetal development

Development of salmonellosis in pregnant women can affect fetal development. The disease occurs with the same symptoms, It carries the highest risk of loss of body fluid. Dehydration can cause miscarriage. Besides, baby in the womb less fluid is supplied with oxygen and nutrients, necessary for balanced development.

Attention! Separate type of Salmonella - a bacterium called Salmonella typhi - the most dangerous for pregnant women.

It is the causative agent of typhoid fever, able to cross the placenta. Proceeds very hard, when fetal intoxication infection may lead to abortion.

In severe disease characterized by the following symptoms:

  • extremities become cold;
  • appear cramps;
  • temperature may rapidly rise or fall;
  • blood pressure falls.

Treatment of salmonellosis in adults

Лечение сальмонеллеза в домашних условиях требует изоляции зараженного пациента
salmonellosis home treatment requires isolation of infected patients

This infection requires complex treatment:

  1. medication
  2. Diet
  3. Compliance with the prescribed sanitary regime
  4. control persons, coming into contact with the patient

Home treatment requires isolation of infected patients. For his detention is necessary to allocate a separate room, which should regularly be aired twice a day to clean (wet cleaning). A person should eat in a separate bowl, use items of hygiene and care, which will not be shared with other people.

Medications - the mainstay of treatment. In this case, the drugs, that will remove toxins from the body and restore the internal system. In severe cases, (in acute lesions) appointed antibiotics, effectively eliminates pathogenic coli.

Attention! Antibiotics are selected individually, on the basis of blood tests and stool of the patient.

Also used antihistamines and immune-boosting drugs. The patient takes various vitamins, strengthen the work of the physical body.

The patient is instructed to drink as much fluid: as salmonellosis causes dehydration, the liquid will help to restore the body's, remove toxins and bacteria to create uncomfortable conditions for life.

Under steady-state conditions of the hospital are also used dropper, solutions, which are administered intravenously, and help eliminate the consequences of salmonellosis, intoxication. If the treatment is carried out at home, most drugs administered intramuscularly.

With proper treatment, the symptoms disappear, usually, a week later.

Proper diet salmonellosis

При сальмонеллезе необходимо употреблять диетические продукты
Salmonellosis should eat diet foods

The infection affects the digestive tract. This fact requires the selection of dietary food. At the time of treatment excluded:

  • nutrition, irritating the digestive tract organs;
  • products, provoking formation of gases;
  • rich broth, "Difficult" foods.

The food at the time of treatment should consist of boiled and pureed food, We must proceed from the simple rules: do this way, to the body it easier to digest food adopted. Porridge and soups is recommended to cook on the water and vegetable broth. Most vegetables and fruits to bake.

As stated above, you must use hard liquor, using boiled water (crude prohibited), herbal teas, compote of dried fruits. On the day the patient should drink order 4 liters different fluid.

Attention! The usual tea and coffee use is strongly discouraged!

Be sure to use:

  • dairy products;
  • pectin.

fresh yoghurt (without synthetics), kefir, fermented baked milk and other drinks will help restore the intestinal microflora, affected by the impact rod, eliminate dysbiosis. Pectin cleanses the gastrointestinal mucosa. It is recommended to make mashed bananas, carrots (raw), apples.

Useful herbal teas of St. John's wort, chamomile, mint and sage. every 10 decoction days to change.

Diet must be followed to restore the work of the stomach and intestines, it takes about one month.

Folk remedies for the treatment of salmonellosis

Лечить сальмонеллез можно с помощью отвара из соцветий ромашки
Treat salmonellosis by using decoction of camomile inflorescence

Here are some simple recipes, used to treat infections. These recipes are considered effective, They are found in a variety of medical articles and forums.

Infusion of plantain

Composition:

  • plantain leaves;
  • 250 ml of boiling water.

Finely chop the leaves, that he has turned mush. 1 tbsp psyllium stir in a beaker of boiling water, insist 10 min. Drink in small sips.

Decoction of chamomile inflorescences

Composition:

  • 1 tbsp inflorescences;
  • 0,25 l of boiling water.

Plant pour hot water and boil at low heat 5 minutes. Give broth brew in a dark place for 4 hours. take 2 tbsp at regular intervals 4 times a day.

The infusion of walnuts

Composition:

  • 200 g nuts;
  • 500 ml alcohol;

Add nuts to alcohol, insist 3 days in a dark place. Drink 3 times a day, spreading 9 drops per liter of water (boiled).

Salmonellosis - a serious disease, which threatens serious consequences. To not get this infection, it suffices to take simple safety precautions habit:

  • Wash your hands before and after eating;
  • have multiple cutting boards for different products;
  • parboil knives, boards after handling raw meat, fish;
  • attend proven catering and cafe;
  • not to drink tap water from sources.

Important! These recipes can be used as adjunctive therapy only along the main drug. Self-medication is fraught with unpredictable consequences! If you have any signs of illness should contact a medical facility immediately.

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