Flu strains are characterized by high capacity for mutation, but because every year the world goes to a new type of pathogen. Luckily, epidemiologists successfully cope with forecasting, but because you can always learn in advance, any pathogens get to the Russian-speaking countries to the autumn-winter period. Forecasts for the flu 2017 already known.
they, who regularly travel out of the country, should be wary not only of the disease. for example, at 2017 year in Turkey has spread so-called Coxsackie virus. The symptoms and the methods for transmitting, he is a lot like intestinal flu. Turkish distinguish the disease can be of bubble rash, which often appears in children.
Especially the spread of influenza
Flu - this is one of the representatives of SARS, ie acute respiratory viral infections, also called ARI. The main difference of this disease from the common cold is the fact, that the first caused by a pathogen called influenza virus. It is divided into three types - A, B and C. Last in terms of impact on human practically considered, but the other two represent a serious danger.
The influenza virus is known for its strong ability to mutate. Because of this, every year people wonder, a flu appears, this time. Luckily, patterns of emergence and spread of strains has long been identified, but because hospitals usually ready to advance to a new type of disease.
Symptoms and treatment of influenza 2017 We studied by the example of the Chinese territories. According to experts, of the pathogen will come to other countries from there. It's connected with:
- High population,
- Widespread in the country, birds and pigs,
- Movement circulating airflows.
With the support of Japan managed to advance to develop a universal vaccine against most strains, who come for the season 2017-2018. Flu shots in 2017 year can be obtained not only in Moscow and St. Petersburg, but also any other cities. Autumn, winter and the period of thaw - the best time for the development of the disease. 29 August physicians predict the possibility of a high death rate from the flu this season.
What types of flu can be expected in 2017 year?
Hong Kong flu 2017
Now the overwhelming strain of the virus is considered to Hong Kong, which is one of the variations of bird flu. Its distribution began from the end of 2016 year and, According to experts, will continue in 2017 year. The symptoms of avian influenza are as follows:
- The disease is characterized by acute onset, infected constantly shivering.
- Over several days the temperature remains high, not eliminated by drugs.
- To heat is added to a strong headache. Note sensation apathy, fatigue, lethargy and weakness.
- In particularly serious cases, have diarrhea and vomiting, are linked with a process of the organism intoxication.
Symptoms of influenza virus 2017 later replenished classic elements of the common cold, like nasal congestion, dry cough and sore throat during swallowing. His eyes felt burning and stinging. In addition, the patient's condition worsens pain syndromes in the legs, back and joints.
Avian influenza frequently affects the digestive processes, therefore, patients experience nausea, abdominal pain and a variety of disorders of the chair. However, in most cases it has been held by the end of the first week of illness, and improvement comes just three days.
Although today the majority of the Council is expected to Hong Kong flu, ever since the 2009 years do not cease talking about the people of California virus, which led to a serious epidemic. This is one of the swine flu strains. At this point in its original form, most people already have immunity, but there is a new strain of "Switzerland".
This type of swine flu are very similar to the common cold, its symptoms and treatment are similar in many respects. Signs of infection begin after two days of incubation period. At this point, patients note:
- Body aches,
- general malaise,
There is a significant rise in temperature, Sometimes indicators reach forty degrees and even higher. With high speed picking up signs of intoxication on the background activity of harmful microorganisms. Patients suffering from hyperhidrosis, throbbing pain in the neck and temples.
California flu and SARS severely affect the eye condition. Some complain of a feeling of sand in them, or when attempting to rotate the eyeballs pain occurs. Many observed photophobia, acute reaction to bright light and any noise. Also, this strain often associated with conjunctivitis.
About a day after manifestation of symptoms begins qatar airways. This is manifested sore throat, nasal congestion and cough. flu-like symptoms 2017, if they are caused by a strain of California, They have a characteristic feature - the disease is not accompanied by a runny nose, or pain when swallowing.
When the patient seek medical help, on examination, the doctor will be able to notice, that the soft palate and posterior pharyngeal wall are filled with blood. In children, symptoms are often supplemented:
- Livor (it becomes cyanotic),
- Rapid or difficult breathing,
In adults, typical manifestations are considered to confusion, dyspnea, vomiting and pain in the chest. Gradually the inflammation in the mucous membranes of the trachea, because of what the infected hurts bad cough. Many there are breathing problems, when it is impossible to breathe deeply or exhale.
note. Sometimes the symptoms of the virus subsides California, but after a while manifested with renewed vigor.
This strain has a relatively high probability of complications, especially if the child is ill, a pregnant woman or an elderly person. In this case, the disease often proceeds on the type of pneumonia, and so bad and hard treated. If there is a sick respiratory failure and pulmonary edema, it is required to put on the patient treatment.
Compared with the rest of, this strain is considered relatively less dangerous. In this case, the disease is easier flows, than at the Hong Kong virus or Californian, and the risk of complications is minimal. But the Australian strain somewhat vague symptoms. In humans, there are:
- in the field of muscle pain,
- The inflammation of the nasal mucosa.
Some begin dull disorders of the gastrointestinal tract. known situation, when the disease immediately started with a series of cold symptoms, such as cough, runny nose and a headache, But this is quite rare. Most often, the recovery takes place after only a couple of days.
At this time the person goes without temperature, generally feeling better, runny nose and inflammation of the nose are. However, the situation is possible, when the fall of the heat - only a short-term phenomenon, and after him there was a new rise in temperature. Such is a testament to a weakened immune system. In this case (and if the disease is not passed four days) need how to ask for medical help as soon as possible.
Possible complications and risk
Flu-like symptoms in children and adults by themselves are not a reason for hospitalization and use of powerful medication. However, the disease can adversely affect the flow of chronic pathologies, like:
- muscular dystrophy,
- cerebral palsy,
- mental retardation,
- Disorders in the metabolism,
- Coronary heart disease,
- Congestive heart failure,
- Kistoznogo fibrosis,
- Liver and renal pathologies.
Some influenza strains lead to complications such as inflammation of the meninges, heart muscle, bronchi, light, trachea, ears or sinuses. Also, it may result in glomerular apparatus of the kidneys. risk group:
- Elderly people,
- Pregnant and lactating women,
- People, are in closed collectives,
- person, suffering from HIV and other pathologies, lowers immunity,
- Employees of medical and educational institutions,
- Workers in the fields of transport, trade and catering.
Included in these groups are advised to be vaccinated. Vaccination is held every year in September in all cities, including Moscow and St. Petersburg. Newborn baby shots do not put, but if the child has reached the age of at least six months, then it is already possible to be vaccinated.
treatment of influenza
Treat influenza necessary with drugs, which are prescribed by a doctor. Hospitalization is usually not required. The pharmacy purchased:
- antiviral agents, which are the mainstay of therapy.
- antipyretics. they are used, only if the temperature rises above 38,5.
- vasoconstrictor agent. Are used when necessary to facilitate breathing in the background of the common cold. They can be seen with saline.
Sometimes doctors prescribe to patients decongestants, as well as a multivitamin to strengthen the body's defenses. Treatment must be accompanied by peace, a positive attitude and bed rest.